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"Industry" is widely used in manufacturing, and the photonics market is growing rapidly

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[Abstract]:

  Optoelectronic information engineering technology has become a key element in reshaping the country’s innovation and competitiveness. Its development has led to the accelerated evolution of aerospace, new materials, intelligent manufacturing, and biotechnology.

  Optoelectronics and information technology have played a fundamental role in supporting the development of modern society. The construction of optical fiber communication networks, the application of 4G and 5G technologies, the industrial Internet and the Internet of Things provide the necessary foundation for the continuous emergence of new technologies and industries.

  In the next few decades, the physical principles of quantum precision measurement will be more and more widely used. Microelectronics and optoelectronic chips will continue to develop through breakthroughs. We must redouble our efforts to realize the development of national optoelectronics and microelectronics technology.

  "At present, the application of optoelectronic technology has been in a period of rapid growth, with an annual growth rate of nearly 10%, and China has even reached more than 20%. This trend will continue for more than ten years. In the foreseeable 2025, global optoelectronics The scale will be close to one trillion U.S. dollars, and China will occupy approximately 35% of the global optoelectronics market." At the “2019 China Optoelectronics Technology and Industry Development Conference” held recently, the participating experts said that with the deepening of research and development, the global optoelectronics industry Or it will become a new level of economic growth in the entire information industry, and the application of optoelectronic technology in the manufacturing sector will be more extensive.

  Optoelectronics becomes a new growth level

  Optoelectronic information engineering technology has become a key element in reshaping the country’s innovation capabilities and competitiveness. Its development has led to the accelerated evolution of aerospace, new materials, intelligent manufacturing, biotechnology and other technical fields.

  The reporter learned from the meeting that optoelectronics can be specifically divided into information optoelectronics, energy laser, optoelectronic display, biomedical photonics, entertainment optoelectronics, and military optoelectronics. Optoelectronic devices are widely used in long-distance and large-capacity optical fiber communications, optical storage, displays, photon imaging, optical scanners, optical information processing, industrial laser processing, laser medical treatment and military detection, weapons and equipment, and are expected to be used in optical computing in the future Play an important role.

  In recent years, the main fields of photonic information, laser processing, and biophotonics have shown rapid growth trends. Related agencies estimate that by 2020, the global optoelectronic technology industry market will exceed 700 billion US dollars. China has surpassed Japan to become the world's largest optoelectronics market, accounting for nearly 27% of the global market share. India's optoelectronics industry is the fastest growing country in recent years.

  At the meeting, Chu Junhao, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, explained the characteristics of the intelligent era and the six development directions of infrared optoelectronic devices, namely: large-scale high-gain, expanded band, multi-color and multi-channel, increased operating temperature, heating work, and basic research Start some new devices that have been expanded and realize intelligence. He believes that the intelligent age, aerospace and Haiti, artificial intelligence, smart earth, energy environment, medical diagnosis, etc. put forward higher requirements on optoelectronic devices, which is also the best opportunity for the development of optoelectronic technology.

  The optical chip industry urgently needs upgrading

  It is understood that optoelectronic information technology has also played a basic supporting role in the development of modern society. The construction of optical fiber communication networks and the application of 4G and 5G technologies provide a basic information highway for modern society. The application of technologies represented by the Industrial Internet and the Internet of Things promotes the intelligent transformation of infrastructure and forms a cyberspace with interconnection of everything, human-computer interaction, and the integration of the world and the earth, providing the necessary foundation for the continuous emergence of new technologies and industries.

  Optical fiber and communication applications are currently the largest sector of optoelectronics development and the backbone of modern communication industry. The rapid interconnection promoted by the optical fiber network has not been developed for a long time in my country, but it has been rapidly popularized to meet the needs of the people. As a result, there is a huge demand for optical communication materials and devices. In addition to optical fibers and cables, it also includes chips, optical active devices, optical passive devices, optical modules and subsystems, as well as upstream semiconductors, packaging, and testing equipment.

  The application of 4G and 5G technology, as well as the superposition of multiple factors such as 5G, have promoted the continued rise of the prosperity of the optoelectronic industry. Looking at my country's optical communications industry, although the industry is leading in overall strength, its development is extremely uneven, especially the lack of upstream core devices and high-end chips. Optical chips are the main part of the optical communications value chain. The lack of high-end chip R&D strength and industry shortcomings will become the biggest obstacle to industry upgrading. The lack of high-end chips makes my country's main equipment manufacturers rely heavily on external sources. Therefore, the focus of future industrial upgrading will be the research and development of high-end optical chips.

  Fang Jiancheng, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and executive vice president of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, believes that IoT tags are becoming chips. In some high-end fields, quantum sensors continue to appear on the scene, and they cooperate with optoelectronic and electromechanical sensors. In the next few decades, the physical principles of quantum precision measurement will be more and more widely used, and microelectronics and optoelectronic chips will continue to develop through breakthroughs. We must redouble our efforts to realize the development of national optoelectronics and microelectronics technology.

  Laser processing is widely used

  As an important field of optoelectronic technology, the laser market has also shown a good growth momentum in recent years.

  The most prominent application of    energy laser is laser processing and manufacturing. The good development space has attracted the attention and participation of many European, American and Chinese optoelectronic companies. In recent years, my country’s laser equipment market has continued to develop rapidly. Small and medium-power lasers are mainly used in light industrial manufacturing such as electronics, ceramics, glass, hardware, textiles, and auto parts. High-power lasers are generally used in sheet metal processing, large machinery manufacturing, and petrochemicals. , Aerospace, mining machinery, rail locomotives and other heavy equipment manufacturing.

  Related reports analyze that the microscopic aspects, especially the localization of ultraviolet lasers and ultrafast lasers, are significantly reducing costs. Precision laser equipment has also grown substantially in the past two years, especially for the processing of semiconductor materials, the micro-cutting and micro-welding of mobile phone parts, and the processing of solar cells. From a macro perspective, the future will not only be simple steel plate cutting, but also more complex needs such as kitchen utensils, elevators, home improvement, cabinets, pipes, elevators and so on. In addition, modern manufacturing industries such as automobiles, aerospace, rail locomotives, and shipbuilding have an increasing demand for automated and intelligent production modes, and the demand for laser equipment is also increasing.

  Optoelectronics technology is not only used in manufacturing, but also in biomedical and military applications.

  Biomedical photonic technology is widely used in medical imaging, medical analysis, minimally invasive surgery, photonic beauty, optical scanning, diagnosis, component analysis and other fields, which is of great help to the progress of current medical development. In the military, optoelectronic technology is used in lidar, infrared detection, communication, fire control and tracking, laser gyro, sensor detection, ranging, etc., including fighters, warships, missiles and other offensive equipment are very needed.

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